Article 2

Article 2

50 U. S. Code Appendix
War and National Defense Act
Oct 17, 1940, CH. 888, 54 STAT. 1178
Article 2 - General Relief

Sec.
520. Default judgments; affidavits; bonds; attorneys for persons in service.
521. Stay of proceedings where military service affects conduct thereof.
522. Fines and penalties on contracts, etc.
523. Stay or vacation of execution of judgments, attachments, etc.
524. Duration and term of stays; codefendants not in service.
525. Statutes of limitations as affected by period of service.
526. Maximum rate of interest.
527. Limitations prescribed by internal revenue laws as affected by period of service.

Sec. 520. Default judgments; affidavits; bonds; attorneys for persons in
service


(1) In any action or proceeding commenced in any court, if there shall be a default of any appearance by the defendant, the plaintiff, before entering judgment shall file in the court an affidavit setting forth facts showing that the defendant is not in military service. If unable to file such affidavit plaintiff shall in lieu thereof file an affidavit setting forth either that the defendant is in the military service or that plaintiff is not able to determine whether or not defendant is in such service. If an affidavit is not filed showing that the defendant is not in the military service, no judgment shall be entered without first securing an order of court directing such entry, and no such order shall be made if the defendant is in such service until after the court shall have appointed an attorney to represent defendant and protect his interest, and the court shall on application make such appointment. Unless it appears that the defendant is not in such service the court may require, as a condition before judgment is entered, that the plaintiff file a bond approved by the court conditioned to indemnify the defendant, if in military service, against any loss or damage that he may suffer by reason of any judgment should the judgment be thereafter set aside in whole or in part. And the court may make such other and further order or enter such judgment as in its opinion may be necessary to protect the rights of the defendant under this Act (sections 501 to 593 of this Appendix). Whenever, under the laws applicable with respect to any court, facts may be evidenced, established, or proved by an unsworn statement, declaration, verification, or certificate, in writing, subscribed and certified or declared to be true under penalty of perjury, the filing of such an unsworn statement, declaration, verification, or certificate shall satisfy the requirement of this subsection that facts be established by affidavit.

(2) Any person who shall make or use an affidavit required under this section, or a statement, declaration, verification, or certificate certified or declared to be true under penalty of perjury permitted under subsection (1), knowing it to be false, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punishable by imprisonment not to exceed one year or by fine not to exceed $1,000, or both.

(3) In any action or proceeding in which a person in military service is a party if such party does not personally appear therein or is not represented by an authorized attorney, the court may appoint an attorney to represent him; and in such case a like bond may be required and an order made to protect the rights of such person. But no attorney appointed under this Act (sections 501 to 593 of this Appendix), to protect a person in military service shall have power to waive any right of the person for whom he is appointed or bind him by his acts.

(4) If any judgment shall be rendered in any action or proceeding governed by this section against any person in military service during the period of such service or within thirty days thereafter, and it appears that such person was prejudiced by reason of his military service in making his defense thereto, such judgment may, upon application, made by such person or his legal representative, not later than ninety days after the termination of such service, be opened by the court rendering the same and such defendant or his legal representative let in to defend; provided it is made to appear that the defendant has a meritorious or legal defense to the action or some part thereof. Vacating, setting aside, or reversing any judgment because of any of the provisions of this Act (said sections), shall not impair any right or title acquired by any bona fide purchaser for value under such judgment.

SOURCE- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 200, 54 Stat. 1180; Sept. 8, 1960, Pub. L. 86-721, Sec. 1, 2, 74 Stat. 820.)

AMENDMENTS

1960 - Subsec. (1). Pub. L. 86-721, Sec. 1, permitted establishment of certain facts by a declaration under penalty of perjury in lieu of an affidavit.

Subsec. (2). Pub. L. 86-721, Sec. 2, inserted "or a statement, declaration, verification, or certificate certified or declared to be true under penalty of perjury permitted under subsection (1)," after "affidavit required under this section,".

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Sec. 521. Stay of proceedings where military service affects conduct thereof

At any stage thereof any action or proceeding in any court in which a person in military service is involved, either as plaintiff or defendant, during the period of such service or within sixty days thereafter may, in the discretion of the court in which it is pending, on its own motion, and shall, on application to it by such person or some person on his behalf, be stayed as provided in this Act (sections 501 to 593 of this Appendix) unless, in the opinion of the court, the ability of plaintiff to prosecute the action or the defendant to conduct his defense is not materially affected by reason of his military service.

SOURCE- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 201, 54 Stat. 1181.)

STAY OF JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS

Pub. L. 102-12, Sec. 6, Mar. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 37, provided that:

(a) Stay of Action or Proceeding. - In any judicial action or proceeding (other than a criminal proceeding) in which a member of the Armed Forces described in subsection (b) is involved (either as plaintiff or defendant), the court shall, upon application by such member (or some other person on the member's behalf) at any stage before final judgment is entered, stay the action or proceeding until a date after June 30, 1991.

(b) Members Covered. - A member of the Armed Forces is covered by subsection (a) if at the time of application for the stay of a judicial action or proceeding the member -

(1) is on active duty; and

(2) is serving outside the State in which the court having jurisdiction over the action or proceeding is located.

(c) Definition. - For purposes of this section, the term 'State' includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam."

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Sec. 522. Fines and penalties on contracts, etc.

When an action for compliance with the terms of any contract is stayed pursuant to this Act (sections 501 to 593 of this Appendix) no fine or penalty shall accrue by reason of failure to comply with the terms of such contract during the period of such stay, and in any case where a person fails to perform any obligation and a fine or penalty for such nonperformance is incurred a court may, on such terms as may be just, relieve against the enforcement of such fine or penalty if it shall appear that the person who would suffer by such fine or penalty was in the military service when the penalty was incurred and that by reason of such service the ability of such person to pay or perform was thereby materially impaired.

SOURCE- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 202, 54 Stat. 1181.)

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Sec. 523. Stay or vacation of execution of judgments, attachments, etc.

In any action or proceeding commenced in any court against a person in military service, before or during the period of such service, or within sixty days thereafter, the court may, in its discretion, on its own motion, or on application to it by such person or some person on his behalf shall, unless in the opinion of the court the ability of the defendant to comply with the judgment or order entered or sought is not materially affected by reason of his military service -

(a) Stay the execution of any judgment or order entered against such person, as provided in this Act (sections 501 to 593 of this Appendix); and

(b) Vacate or stay any attachment or garnishment of property, money, or debts in the hands of another, whether before or after judgment as provided in this Act (said sections).

SOURCE- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 203, 54 Stat. 1181.)

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Sec. 524. Duration and term of stays; codefendants not in service

Any stay of any action, proceeding, attachment, or execution, ordered by any court under the provisions of this Act (sections 501 to 593 of this Appendix) may, except as otherwise provided, be ordered for the period of military service and three months thereafter or any part of such period, and subject to such terms as may be just, whether as to payment in installments of such amounts and at such times as the court may fix or otherwise. Where the person in military service is a codefendant with others the plaintiff may nevertheless by leave of court proceed against the others.

SOURCE- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 204, 54 Stat. 1181.)

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Sec. 525. Statutes of limitations as affected by period of service

The period of military service shall not be included in computing any period now or hereafter to be limited by any law, regulation, or order for the bringing of any action or proceeding in any court, board, bureau, commission, department, or other agency of government by or against any person in military service or by or against his heirs, executors, administrators, or assigns, whether such cause of action or the right or privilege to institute such action or proceeding shall have accrued prior to or during the period of such service, nor shall any part of such period which occurs after October 6, 1942 be included in computing any period now or hereafter provided by any law for the redemption of real property sold or forfeited to enforce any obligation, tax, or assessment.

SOURCE- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 205, 54 Stat. 1181; Oct. 6, 1942, ch. 581, Sec. 5, 56 Stat. 770; Mar. 18, 1991, Pub. L. 102-12, Sec. 9(6), 105 Stat. 39.)

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Pub. L. 102-12 substituted "October 6, 1942" for "the date of enactment of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act Amendments of 1942".

1942 - Act Oct. 6, 1942, included proceedings before boards, bureaus, commissions, departments, or other agencies of government, and inserted provision for omission of service period in computing period for redemption of real property.

CROSS REFERENCES

Application of this section to any period of limitation prescribed by or under internal revenue laws, see section 527 of this Appendix.

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Sec. 526. Maximum rate of interest

No obligation or liability bearing interest at a rate in excess of 6 percent per year incurred by a person in military service before that person's entry into that service shall, during any part of the period of military service, bear interest at a rate in excess of 6 percent per year unless, in the opinion of the court, upon application thereto by the obligee, the ability of such person in military service to pay interest upon such obligation or liability at a rate in excess of 6 percent per year is not materially affected by reason of such service, in which case the court may make such order as in its opinion may be just. As used in this section the term "interest" includes service charges, renewal charges, fees, or any other charges (except bona fide insurance) in respect of such obligation or liability.

SOURCE- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 206, as added Oct. 6, 1942, ch. 581, Sec. 6, 56 Stat. 771; amended Mar. 18, 1991, Pub. L. 102-12, Sec. 9(7), 105 Stat. 39.)

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Pub. L. 102-12 substituted "percent per year" for "per centum per annum" wherever appearing and "before that person's entry into that service shall, during any part of the period of military service, bear interest" for "prior to his entry into such service shall, during any part of the period of military service which occurs after the date of enactment of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act Amendments of 1942, bear interest".

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Sec. 527. Limitations prescribed by internal revenue laws as affected by period of service

Section 205 of this Act (section 525 of this Appendix) shall not apply with respect to any period of limitation prescribed by or under the internal revenue laws of the United States.

SOURCE-- (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, Sec. 207, as added Oct. 21, 1942, ch. 619, title V, Sec. 507(b)(2)(B), 56 Stat. 964.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The internal revenue laws of the United States, referred to in text, are classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.



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