The Medals
View Military Medals
   Multinational Force and Observers Medal
Service: ALL
Instituted: 1982
Authorized: DOD 1348-33-M
Issuing Country: ( US ) - UNITED STATES
Multinational Force and Observers Medal
Back of Medal
 
Devices
Description:
  1. Established by Director General, Multinational Force and Observers (MFO).
  2. Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, after August 3, 1981, have served with the Multinational Force and Observers for at least 90 cumulative days. Approval for members of the Armed Forces of the United States to accept and wear that medal was granted by the Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum
  3. Subsequent awards will be denoted by an appropriate bronze arabic numeral.


Background:
  1. The Multinational Force and Observers is an independent (non-UN) peacekeeping mission, created as a result of the 1978 Camp David Accords and the 1979 Treaty of Peace. The MFO's expenses, less the contributions of Germany and Japan, are funded in equal parts by the Arab Republic of Egypt, the State of Israel and the United States of America. Since 1982, various nations have contributed military and civilian personnel to serve in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula as part of this highly successful organization. The ten currently Participating States are Australia, Canada, Colombia, Fiji, France, Hungary, Italy, New Zealand, the United States and Uruguay. Norway, while not a Participating State, provides the MFO with four staff officers.
  2. With the Director General and his staff at MFO Headquarters in Rome, Italy, and representatives in Cairo and Tel Aviv, the bulk of the Force and the Civilian Observer Unit operate in the Sinai Peninsula. North Camp, located approximately 20 km south of the Mediterranean at el Gorah, is the site of the Force Commander's Headquarters and provides facilities for the logistical and operational needs of the Force. The smaller South Camp, near Sharm el Sheikh on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, overlooks the Red Sea. From these main camps, the MFO mans a series of approximately 30 remote operational sites running the length of the penninsula.
  3. The mission of the MFO is, very simply, to OBSERVE, VERIFY and REPORT. There are four essential tasks assigned to the MFO:
  • 1. Operation of checkpoints, reconnaissance patrols and observation posts along the international boundary and line B, and within Zone C.
  • 2. Periodic verification of the implementation of the provisions of the Annex to the Treaty of Peace, to be carried out not less than twice a month unless othewise agreed to by the parties.
  • 3. Additional verifications within 48 hours after receipt of a request from either party.
  • 4. Ensure freedom of navigation through the Strait of Tiran.